The present organization originates in the Centre of Microtechnology (founded by University “Politehnica” of Bucharest, September 1991), then becoming the Institute for Microtechnologies (IMT) by a decision of the Romanian Government, in July 1993. To our knowledge it was the first institute with this profile from Central and Eastern Europe. In 2008, IMT celebrated 15 years of existence. The present National Institute for Research and Development in Microtechnologies -IMT Bucharest was set up at the end of 1996 from IMT merging with the former ICCE (Research Institute for Electronic Components, working in semiconductor electronics).

IMT became visible at the national level, especially by coordinating various projects financed from the National Programme MATNANTECH (New Materials, Micro and Nanotechnologies) (2001-2006). Between 2003 and 2009 IMT was involved in approximately European 25 projects (FP6, FP7 and related). IMT houses a European Centre of Excellence financed by the EC (2008-2011) the first one after Romania became a EU member.
The field of activity of the National Institute for Research and Development in Microtechnologies (or simply IMT) corresponds today to micro-nano-bio-technologies. IMT is coordinated by the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sport, through the National Authority for Scientific Research. However, IMT acts basically as an autonomous, non-profit research company. As far as the participation to national and European projects is concerned, IMT is assimilated to a public research institution.

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